Major developments in the geostrategic, military-political, socio-economical and demographical state during the independence of Ukraine have particularly accelerated in the last years. Due to these developments, a necessity of developing new approaches towards providing national security in the military domain has arisen, including those dedicated to determining the most rational paths (from both military and economic point of views) of rapidly supplying the Armed Forces of Ukraine with newest and modernized models of weaponry and military equipment, as well as solving a variety of other issues of the Ukrainian military and technological policy.
The existing system of defense planning, weaponry and military equipment development in Ukraine, in general, allows a complex substantiation of financial resources allocation towards weaponry and military equipment development and procurement for defense purposes. However, a number of problematic issues exist, that impede both military and economic effectiveness of ongoing work.
In this article, an analysis of production and economic processes, as well as forms of organizing production in the defense industry of several countries is carried out, revealing the nature of the cluster approach, its advantages and possible implementation directions. This cluster approach can be applied to develop and mass produce new models of weaponry and military equipment in Ukraine.
It is illustrated that many world countries already possess substantial experience in developing defense industry clusters, which allows to achieve the most effective model of collaboration between the state, business, scientific establishment and the end user with an emphasis on defense and security sector specifics.
A general structure of such a cluster is proposed, a detailed method of creation, functioning principles, as well as its possible influence on increasing the effectiveness of military equipment programs carried out in the interests of the Armed Forces of Ukraine.