The article summarizes the arguments and counterarguments within the scientific discussion on the phenomenon of hybrid warfare, taking into account the involvement of Ukraine in the Russian Federation in a state of undeclared hybrid war.
The studyʼs main objectives are the analysis and systematization of approaches to understanding the nature of hybrid warfare by domestic and foreign scientists, generalization of its key features and formulation of a synthesized definition taking into account the ongoing aggression against Ukraine.
Based on the systematization of a wide range of scientific papers and approaches to solving the problem of studying the nature of hybrid warfare, scientists tend to increase the attention of scientists to its study. The urgency of solving this scientific problem in the Ukrainian dimension lies in the direct involvement of Ukraine in the plane of the undeclared war.
The issue of hybrid warfare in the article is studied in the following logical sequence: retrospectively analyzed the development, formation and identification of the content of the terms “hybrid war”, “hybrid means of warfare”; the relationship between hybrid warfare, a wide range of its methods and tools; signs of hybrid war in several wars and conflicts are singled out; the tendencies to the regulation of hybrid warfare are analyzed not only in scientific sources, but also in normative-legal documents; approaches to determining the content and nature of hybrid warfare, which are reflected in the publications of domestic scientists, according to which a universal interpretation of the term is formulated, and the idea of its “umbrella” meaning is confirmed. The studyʼs methodological tools were the methods of analysis, synthesis, and systematic approach; the time limits are partially covered by historical events from the Peloponnesian War to the present.
The study's object was war in all its manifestations because hybrid warfare is derived from ordinary conventional warfare.
The article presents an empirical analysis of approaches to understanding the nature of hybrid warfare, which show the need for further research in the subject area, taking into account recent events in Ukraine.
The study results can be useful for scientists and managers who study national security problems, development of the security and defence sector, and defence planning.