The strategic Command Post Exercise are considered maneuvers of series the “Caucasus” is the staple of military-political activity of the Allied state of Belorussia, Russia, Armenia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan in a military-political sphere and final stage of the combat training of the Regional groupment of troops of their military powers. After intruding of Armed Forces of Russian Federation to Crimea, Donetsk and Luhansk to the area, the row of occident and International organizations was brought over to hard pressure on Russia from Ukrainian and other questions that resulted in proceeding in opposition between Russian Federation and the West actually at the level of new “cold war”. Thus, the threat of origin of the armed conflict or full-blown war purchased complete reality between them. Exactly nevertheless a scenario was fixed in basis of maneuvers the “Caucasus – 2016” and the “West – 2017”, that is small most scales in all history of realization of the strategic head-quarter and caused considerable resonance in the world. The strategic Command Post Exercise, “Caucasus – 2016”, as well as the “West – 2017”, had demonstrative character frankly, so managing Russian Federation diminished the real scales of maneuvers substantially, and hid his actual character. The negative consequences of approvals of the USA and ЕU against Russia and threat of their further strengthening became reason of it critically in reply to a duty display by Moscow of aggressiveness of her external course. Russian Federation was emphasized on especially “defensive” character of the strategic Command Post Exercise, his “counterterrorist” orientation and “unorientation against any other countries”. Taking into account the brought circumstances over, and also character of tasks that decided during the strategic Command Post Exercise the “Caucasus – 2016” and other maneuvers (soldiery maneuvers on territory of Belorussia, with participation subdivisions of military powers of Russia, Belorussia of Armenia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan ) that was conducted on his background, the variant of participation of Russia was actually worked off in a regional conflict from the USA and NATO, with his further outgrowing in war, including with the use of nuclear weapon. Confirmation of possible application of nuclear weapon is that on a background strategic Command Post Exercise the “Caucasus – 2016” so the “West – 2017” the measures of operative and battle preparation were conducted in Strategic nuclear forces of Armed Forces of Russian Federation. Three educational-battles starting of intercontinental ballistic rockets were carried out in the same period. The primary purposes of studies were become estimation of the real state of businesses and level of alertness of rocket parts and connections, and also internals of work of leading composition in relation to organization of implementation of the tasks put on a school year. Character and orientation of measures of operative and battle preparation of Armed Forces of Russian Federation confirm that the strategic head-quarter of series the “Caucasus – 2016” so the “West – 2017” is the final stage of the combat training of the Regional groupment of troops of military powers Russia and confirms the actual return of Moscow to the military doctrine of Soviet Union of period of “cold war” that foresaw possibility of the local armed conflicts and wars between the USSR and USA and NATO with the use of Strategic nuclear forces of Russian Federation.