Sifat Fisik Dan Komponen Kimia Bunga Melati Jasminum Officinale

Nfn Suyati • Sulusi Prabawati • Nfn Sjaifullah
Journal article Buletin Plasma Nutfah • December 2003 Indonesia

Abstract

Jasminum officinale from Purbalingga (Central Java) was harvested at three stages of maturity: M-1, M-2, and full bloming. Physical and chemical characteristics were determined by weight of flower, size of flower, aroma, and chemical content. Flowers harvested at stage maturity of M-2: colour of cepal was dark violet, there was no aroma, and flowers did not open. At maturity stage of M-1: optimal flower in size, colour of sepal was soft violet, flowers were fully opened, and had aromatic flavor. The maturity stage of M-1 is very useful in selecting flowers for tea industry or essential oil industry. The opened flowers was useful only for spread flower. Dominant component of aromatic flavors was benzil acetat (46.8%) and followed by methyl salisilat (24.4%), Z. jasmone (20.2%), lynalol (2.9%), neurol idol (2.7%), dan indole (1.7%).

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Buletin Plasma Nutfah

Buletin Plasma Nutfah diterbitkan oleh Komisi Nasional Sumber Daya Genetik (KNSDG), Badan Penelit... see more