In the modern conditions of the development of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, the question of interdependence of the level of the state's defense capability and its economic capabilities always takes the main place. The decisive factor in the implementation of the corresponding political attitude is the development and successful implementation of the modern military and economic strategy of the state, both in the field of defense and in the state in general. Therefore, the definition and disclosure of the main aspects of the military and economic strategy of Ukraine is quite relevant and requires constant study and research in the context of the reform and development of its Armed Forces. The fundamental goal of the military-economic strategy is the creation of a qualitatively new Armed Forces of Ukraine and the achievement of a qualitatively new state of society. The article is devoted to the disclosure of the main aspects of the military and economic strategy of the state, which should be inherent in the state and the Armed Forces of Ukraine today. The article defines the main components of the defense significance of the military-economic development strategy of Ukraine and reveals their content, focusing attention on the peculiarities of their practical direction in the modern conditions of Ukraineʼs development.