Fagraea Racemosa Leaf Extract Inhibits Oxidative Stress-induced Liver Damage in Wistar Rats

Eva Rachmi • Yudanti Riastiti
Journal article Health Science Journal of Indonesia • April 2011

Abstract

Background: The ability of the liver in dealing with oxidative stress can be enhanced by consumption of exogenous antioxidants derived from nature. This study aimed to explore the hepatoprotective ability of Fagraea racemosa leaves methanolic extract against CCl4 exposure as a model of free radicals source. Methods: Three different doses (50, 100, 200 mg/kg bw) were administered orally to three treatment groups of Wistar rats (six Wistar rats each), respectively, once per day for 30 days. CCl4 injected intraperitoneally to those three groups, twice a week (1,5 ml/kg bw). Two control groups were provided that were one normal control group and one CCl4 control group. On the 30th day, the rats were killed and its liver examined with Haematoxyllin eosin staining. Histopathological changes were graded based on the degree of steatosis, hydropic degeneration, and inflammation. Data were analyzed with ANOVA and LSD post hoc (p≤0.05) using SPSS version 13.0 Results: The results showed improvement between the three treatment groups and the CCl4 control group about the degree of hydropic degeneration and inflammation (P ≤ 0.05). However, there were significant increased of steatosis 50 and 100 mg/kg bw treatment groups, before its significantly decrease at 200 mg/kg bw treatment group (2.5 g/kg). Conclusions: Fagraea racemosa leaves methanolic extract could protect liver from free radicals generated by CCl4. The result indicated that Fagraea racemosa has promising quality to be explored as antioxidant supplement. (Health Science Indones 2011;2:46-51)

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Health Science Journal of Indonesia

Health Science Journal of Indonesia is a journal published by the National Institute of Health Re... see more