Bionomy of Anopheles Punctulatus Group (Anopheles Farauti, Anopheles Koliensis, Anopheles Punctulatus) Malaria Vector in Papua Province

Semuel Sandy

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(Bahasa Indonesia, 6 pages)

Abstract

Malaria is a major health problem in Papua province with Annual Parasite Incidence (API) was reported 58/1000population in 2011, and the Annual Malaria Incidence (AMI) was 169/1000 population. The malaria vector in Papua wereAnopheles farauti, An. punctulatus and An. koliensis. These three species were nocturnal, antrophopilic with the diferrencebionomics such as breeding habitats, biting activity, and resting places. The aim of this study was to determine the bionomicaspects of the malaria vectors (resting places, biting activity and breading habitats) in the study areas. The larvae of An.farauti was reported found at coastal, area with brackish water (salinity ± 4.6 %), natural or artificial irrigation canals.Adult female mosquitoes of An. farauti were found nocturnal, eksofagik eksofilik , and antrophopilic habit. An. koliensislarvae not found in brackish, they were found in the swamp and sago forest, semipermanent or permanent ponds whichshallow and exposed to direct sunlight . Adult mosquitoes of An. koliensis were nocturnal, antrophopilic (78% human bites),eksofagik, eksofilik. The larvae of An. punctulatus was not found in brackish water, it was found in a pool with clear or turbidwater which presence or no water vegetation, the larvae of An. punctulatus also found in sago and swamp forest withexposure to direct sunlight. Adult mosquites of An. punctulatus were nocturnal, antrophopilic (98% human bites), eksofagik,endofilik. Basic data on the behaviour of Anopheles spp (bionomic) is necessary in developing effective and efficientintervention pattern and control vector.

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Jurnal Litbang Pengendalian Penyakit Bersumber Binatang Banjarnegara

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