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description Conference paper public Child Poverty and Social Protection Conference

The Impact of HIV on Children's Education in Indonesia

Aang Sutrisna
Published September 2013

Abstract

The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and the Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) have become a serious problem for developing and developed countries alike in recent years. Since the early decades of this century, the number of people infected with HIV in Indonesia has increased significantly. Compared with other countries in Asia however, the percentage of people with HIV in Indonesia in 2009 is still relatively low at about 0.15 percent of those aged 15-49 years, or approximately 186,000 Indonesians. Access to education is seen as tantamount to HIV prevention and reduction (World Bank, 2002; Boler and Kate, undated; Vandemoortele and Delamonica, 2000). In 2000, a new term was coined to describe the correlation between HIV prevention and reduction and good access to education, namely the ‘education vaccine'. Despite this, the numbers of PLHIV who are forced to reduce or cease their education due to HIV and AIDS is quite large. From a global standpoint, HIV and AIDS represents a major challenge to the Millenium Development Goal (MDG) of securing education for all by 2015 (UNESCO, 2001; Wijngaarden and Shaeffer, 2004).

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