This study aimed to describe the relevance of economic thought Abul A'la Al-Maududi with the development of Shariah banking in Indonesia. From the results of research conducted with the use of economics and banking approach is found that the concepts and ideas of Islamic economics offered by al-Maududi empirically proven true. This is because the banks that operate based on the principles of Shari'ah proven to run well and can generate revenue as it should. Shariah banking even shown to have several advantages, among others have resilience to the crisis and can create socio-economic conditions better than conventional banking. In addition, the risk of loss and bankruptcy in Islamic banking will be smaller than the same risk in conventional banking.