Chronic diseases. Differences in health and illness patterns of men and women are not primarily technical or medical innature, but also attributable to social factors such as powerlessness, access to resources, and constrained roles. Usingthe latest data of Riskesdas 2013, this analysis intends to use gender approach analyzing and interpreting health statusdifference between female and male to get inputs for the appropriate measures to reduce the gap between female and malemorbidity on NCD. Methods: Riskesdas 2013 data was analyzed using gender framework which stressed the importance ofsocio economic factors on health status defi ned as prevalence of chronic diseases. Results: With the exception of youngerage, women have higher prevalence of non communicable/chronic diseases. High education appears to benefi t only middleage women to achieve equal health status with men. Conclusion: Education, access to information is important factors toreduce the gap of female and male health status, however biological factor remains as primary factor. Recommendation:Since improving health status of women needs comprehensive approach, government policy should facilitate access toeducation and economic resources to women. Gender approach should be implemented for analysing health data.