Economic development in Indonesia has improved a lot, but in community there are still many problems related to poverty which in turn have an impact on heath. One of the health problems that associated with poverty are malnutrition. The research aimed to determine roles of the various fi elds of development to nutritional status. The analysis used Riskesdas 2013 (Balitbangkes), PSE and IPM (BPS) data. They were analyzed using linear regression to examine the relationship of variables and the nutritional status. It showed that number of poor people, income per capita, literacy rates, adequacy of doctor and posyandu, ownership of health insurance, and knowledge of the availability of health facilities were correlated with malnutrition status of children under five. Whereas, number of midwives did not influence malnutrition status of children under five. The higher percentage of poor people infl uenced higher malnutrition status of children under fi ve. Meanwhile higher percentage of income per capita, literacy rates, adequacy of doctors and Posyandu, ownership of health insurance and knowledge of the availability of health facilities infl uenced lower malnutrition status of children under five. The development on the field of socio-economic was through additional employment, education through compulsory education, as well as the health sector by improving health services. It needs a sustained effort and long-term strategy in each area for the improvement of nutritional status of under five.