Menyikat Gigi, Konsumsi Buah dan Sayur, Aktivitas Fisik, Diabetes Mellitus dengan Jaringan Periodontal Gigi di Indonesia, Tahun 2013

Indirawati Tjahja Notohartojo • Lely Suratri, Made Ayu
Journal article Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan • 2016 Indonesia

Abstract

If dental and oral hygiene are not maintained properly, the balance of bacteria plaque will be disrupted. By brushing teeth properly after breakfast and before sleep at night, the dental and oral hygiene are well preserved. Physical activity is important can increase blood circulation throughout the body. Periodontal tissues are supporting teeth consisting of gums, periodontal ligament, cementum and alveolar bone. The study aimed to determine association of tooth brushing, eating fruits and vegetables, physical activity and Diabetes Mellitus to Periodontal tissues. It was a further analysis of Riskesdas 2013. The Riskesdas was a survey of observational and with a cross sectional design. It was carried out in 33 provinces and 497 districts year 2013. The population were all Indonesians. Samples were household members aged 15 years and above and of a total 722 329 people. Variable dependent was periodontal tissue health, whereas the independent variables were brush teeth properly, eat fruits and vegetables, physical activity, Diabetes Mellitus. Data were analyzed bivariately x2 test. Brushing teeth properly was signifi cantly associated to periodontal tissues health, as well as enough physical activity. Meanwhile, eat fruits and vegetables (p = 0.117) and also diabetes mellitus (p = 0.647) were not signifi cantly associated to periodontal tissues health. Diabetes mellitus did not infl uence the periodontal tissues health possibly because it was assessed by interview and was not followed by blood examination. It suggests to maintain dental and oral hygiene by brushing teeth properly twice a day after breakfast and before sleep. Besides, it needs to promote enough physical activity associated with healthy periodontal tissues.

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Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan

Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan (Bulletin of Health Systems Research) is an open access, peer... see more