Indonesia finally decided to become a Party to the ICCPR through Act No. 12 of 2005. It then entails Indonesian treaty-obligation to enforce the Covenant and submit report to the Human Rights Committee. By becoming party to the ICCPR, Indonesia re-affirmed its commitment to the protection of human rights, especially civil and political rights. Many of the provisions of the Covenant are similar to the provisions of Indonesian laws and Constitution. However, ther is another issue that remains to be considered which is issue concerning death penalty. Even though ICCPR does not prohibit death penalty, the recent development on the execution of death penalty in Indonesia has raised this issue to the surface once again.