Faktor Risiko Prediabetes: Isolated Impaired Fasting Glucose (I-IFG), Isolated Impaired Glucose Tolerance (I-IGT) Dan Kombinasi IFG-IGT (Analisis Lanjut Riskesdas 2013)

Frans Dany • Nunik Kusumawardani • Julianty Pradono • Yudi Kristianto • Delima Delima
Journal article Indonesian Bulletin of Health Research • 2017 Indonesia

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(Bahasa Indonesia, 12 pages)

Abstract

An increasing trend of prediabetes is observed worldwide due to lifestyle changes. Several determinantsand metabolic abnormalities have been associated with the condition, but deeper analysis regardingtheir causal relationship to exclusive criteria of prediabetes, namely isolated impaired fasting glucose(i-IFG), isolated impaired glucose tolerance (i-IGT) and mixed IFG-IGT has not been done yet onnationwide data, particularly in Indonesia. This analysis using data extracted from the 2013 BasicHealth Research (Riskesdas) was performed to study associations among factors contributing toprediabetes. Bivariate and multivariate relationships were tested of i-IFG was found to be 20.4%,15.6% for i-IGT and 12.4% for mixed IFG-IGT. Substantial risk factors for i-IGT include: age ≥30years, female gender and fatty food consumption ≥1x/day. While determinants for i-IFG were agegroup ≥40 years, sweet food consumption >1x/day, and drinking coffee ≥1x/day. As for the mixedIFG-IGT category, age group ≥45 years and obesity were found to be potential risk factors. Hence,prediabetes and associated factors become serious public health problems and require effectiveintervention related to age, gender and dietary risk behavior to minimize further negative impactsattributable to metabolic diseases.

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Indonesian Bulletin of Health Research

Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan (Indonesian Bulletin of Health Research) is a quarterly, open access... see more