Parameter Entomologi Pada Daerah Endemis Demam Berdarah Dengue Tinggi Dan Rendah Di Jawa Tengah (Studi Di Kabupaten Kudus Dan Wonosobo)

Ikawati, Bina • Wahyudi, Bondan Fajar • Astuti, Novia Tri • Sunaryo, Sunaryo

Abstract

Kudus district is a district with high DHF cases in Central Java in 2013 (IR=57.50). Wonosobo District is new area with low DHF cases (IR=11.92). Aedes aegypti is the main vector of DHF in both. The purpose of this study was to determine the difference of entomological parameter in high and low DHF endemic area. This research was continued analysis of entomologycal data from study of The Resistance Map of Aedes aegypti (Linn) Agains Cypermethrin 0,05%, Malathion 0,8% and Temephos inn Purworejo, Kebumen, Pekalongan, Demak, Wonosobo, Cilacap, Kudus, Klaten, Banjarnegara at 2014, that use cross sectional design. The results showed that HI, CI, BI and PI in Kudus (40,67%,21,40%, 233,67 and 113,67%), higher than in Wonosobo (14,33%, 10,93%, 15,33 dan 38,33%). In all location bathing tub were the potential breeding places of Ae. aegypti. In Kudus, Breeding Preference Ratio (BPR) in barrel and water tank for “wudhu” had the highest as much as 4.03. In Wonosobo the highest BPR was in jar as much as 9.15. Multivariat analysis showed that in Kudus container covers were most closely correlated to the presence of Ae aegypti larvae, while in Wonosobo illumination around containers is the main factor.Tahun 2013, Kabupaten Kudus salah satu daerah DBD tinggi di Jawa Tengah (IR = 57,50), sedangkan Kabupaten Wonosobo daerah endemis DBD rendah (IR = 11,92). Vektor utama di kedua daerah adalah Aedes aegypti. Penelitian bertujuan menganalisis perbedaan parameter entomologi di Kudus dan Wonosobo. Penelitian ini merupakan analisis lanjut penelitian Peta Status Kerentanan Aedes aegypti (Linn), terhadap Insektisida Cypermethrin 0,05%, Malathion 0,8% dan Temephos di Kabupaten Purworejo, Kebumen, Pekalongan, Demak, Wonosobo, Cilacap, Kudus, Klaten, Banjarnegara Tahun 2014 yang dilakukan dengan desain cross sectional. Hasil menunjukkan indikator entomologi di Kudus (House Index = 40,67%, Container Index = 21,40%, Breteau Index = 233,67 dan Pupa Index = 113,67%) lebih tinggi daripada di Wonosobo (HI=14,33%, CI=10,93%, BI=15,33 dan PI=38,33%). Bak mandi merupakan kontainer yang paling banyak ditemukan positif jentik Ae. Aegypti. Breeding Preference Ratio (BPR) pada tong dan “padasan” di Kudus tertinggi masing-masing sebesar 4,03, sedangkan di Wonosobo tertinggi adalah di toples (9,15). Analisis multivariat di Kudus menunjukkan penutup kontainer berperan paling besar untuk ditemukannya jentik Ae aegypti,sedangkan di Wonosobo pencahayaan di sekitar kontainer adalah faktor paling utama.

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Journal

Jurnal Litbang Pengendalian Penyakit Bersumber Binatang Banjarnegara

BALABA is a peer-reviewed scientific journal that publishes original research and literature revi... see more