Mangosteen is one of the prospective horticultural commodities in Indonesia. Mangosteen has been set as national commodities in RUSNAS Buah (Fruit of the National Strategic Research) since 2000. Mangosteen production in Indonesia has increased rapidly. In 1997 the production of mangosteen in Indonesia amounted to 17 475 tonnes and increased to 114 755 tonnes in 2014. However, mangosteen production in Indonesia is not optimal, because the productivity is still low. The average Indonesian mangosteen tree can produce 30-50 kg of fruit per tree, lower than in Malaysia, Thailand and India were able to reach the 200-300 kg of fruit per tree. Mangosteen production centers in Indonesia are in the province of West Java, with a contribution of 41% of the total production of mangosteen in Indonesia in 2012. In West Java , mangosteen production centers scattered in Five Districts, namely Tasikmalaya, Subang, Sukabumi, Bogor and Ciamis Districts. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to analyze the level of production and the factors that affect the production of mangosteen in Sukabumi. The results showed that the production of mangosteen in Sukabumi is still low and has not reached the production target set by Direktorat Tanaman Buah. Factors that influence the production of mangosteen in Sukabumi are the number and ages of productive plants owned by farmers.