Faktor Risiko Penyakit Ginjal Kronik : Studi Kasus Kontrol Di Empat Rumah Sakit Di Jakarta Tahun 2014

Delima Delima • Emiliana Tjitra
Journal article Indonesian Bulletin of Health Research • 2017 Indonesia

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(Bahasa Indonesia, 10 pages)


A case control study was conducted in four government hospitals in Jakarta according to KidneyDisease Improving Global Outcome (KDIGO) 2012 criteria, in the last 10 years. Control subjectswere diagnosed as not CKD based on estimating glomerulus filtration rate (e-GFR) of ≥60ml /minute/1.73m2 and normal urinalysis test. Data were collected by interviewing with subjects usingstructured questionnaires. Laboratory test results were extracted from the medical records orretested laboratory results of serum creatinine, HbA1c, and urinalysis at screening and enrollmenttime. A total of 429 eligible subjects in each group were analysed by logistic regression. Age, familyhistory of CKD, plain water consumption ≤2000ml/day, carbonated drink consumption, energy drinkconsumption, history of kidney diseases, kidney stone, hypertension, and diabetes mellitus increasedrisk of CKD with adjusted odds ratio range from 1.8 to 25.8. Consumption of coffee, tea, chocolate,alcohol drinks, non-steroid anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), traditional herbal for musculoskeletaldisorder or obesity, smoking, and less quality of drinking water were not significantly associatedwith CKD. It concluded that risk factors of CKD were everyday consumption of carbonated drinkand energy drink.




Indonesian Bulletin of Health Research

Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan (Indonesian Bulletin of Health Research) is a quarterly, open access... see more