Kekerabatan Beberapa Aksesi Padi Lokal Tahan Hama Penyakit Berdasarkan Analisis Polimorfisme Marka SSR

Wage R. Rohaeni • Untung Susanto • Nani Yunani • N. Usyati • Nfn Satoto
Journal article Jurnal AgroBiogen • December 2016 Indonesia


The level of phylogeny among local rice that has identified the resistances to plant pests and diseases needs to be studied to determine the genetic distance, so that information can be used for a recommendation parental crosses. Simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers could be used as one tool to know the degree of phylogeny and the genetic distance between genotypes. The aim of this study was to determine phylogenetic tree and the coefficient of genetic distance of several local rice resistant to host and pest based polymorphic analysis of SSR markers. Fifteen host and pest resistant local rice and one popular variety (Ciherang) were used. Molecular analysis was carried out using eighteen SSR markers. The banding patterns of DNA amplification resulted from PCR on polyacrylamide electrophoresis gel was documented by using UV Transilluminator. The phylogenetic tree showed three clearly separated clusters. Cluster 1 consisted of indica accessions resistant to blast and BLB: Gadis Langsat, Kebo, Bandang Si Gadis, Ciherang, Jawa Wangi Sleman, Marahmay, Takong, Ampek Panjang, Benoraja, and Siawak. Cluster 2 consisted of javanica and indica accessions resistant to BPH, tungro, blast, and BLB: Ase Balucung, Ase Bukne, Pare Lottong, Pare Pulu, and Jadul. Cluster 3 consisted of japonica accession resistant to blast: Kapas. The farthest genetic distance was between Pare Pulu and Ampek Panjang (DA = 0.816). The closest genetic distance was between Pare Pulu dan Pare Lottong (DA = 0.098). This research data can be used as a reference in determining the crossing parents that will be used in plant breeding program for varieties improvement of Indonesian local rice.




Jurnal AgroBiogen

Jurnal AgroBiogen semula bernama Buletin AgroBio yang diterbitkan pada tahun 1996 hingga 2004. Se... see more