Nilai Manfaat Ekonomi Konservasi Borobudur

Amiluhur Soeroso • Y. Sri Susilo
Journal article Jurnal Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Indonesia • July 2010

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(Bahasa Indonesia, 19 pages)

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to select the management zone to avoid the deterioration of environmental goods, by conducting comparative value of the economic benefits of conservation between management focused on the monument that pay attention only to the entire ecosystem of Borobudur Regions. Two hundred tourists who came to Borobudur or Iogjakarta were obtained as samples. Data were collected using interviews with structured questionnaire. Afterward, we used contingent valuafion method (CVM) to calculate the value of the economic benefits and we measured the total value of the individual consumer's willingness to conserve the heritage under several scenarios of hypothetical market. The results testify that the value of the economic benefits of Borobudur area conservation reached US$42 billion per annum or around IDR40.1 trillion. This value reflects that the area of Borobudur is important to be preserved. Such values can be operationally useful when planning and management have been conducted comprehensively. The implication of this is that government should form_a new governing body that is integrated in one management, holistic, involving multi-stakeholders both central and local governments and local communities. Organizations like these need to be run with the principle of shared responsibility and independence in financial. Therefore, as a World Heritage icon, the vision of the management of Borobudur area was needed to experience metamorphosis, from initially focus on short-term profits through increased tourism market, shifted to the achievement of long-term prosperity based conservation and education.

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Jurnal Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Indonesia

Jurnal Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Indonesia (JEPI) is a peer-reviewed, open access journal that publ... see more