Kematian Perinatal Hubungannya Dengan Faktor Praktik Kesehatan Ibu Selama Kehamilan Di Kota Bekasi Tahun 2001

Ning Sulistiyowati • Sudarto Ronoatmodjo • Lukman Hakim Tarigan
Journal article Indonesian Journal of Health Ecology • April 2003

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(Bahasa Indonesia, 8 pages)

Abstract

Infants mortality rate is one of the sensitive indicators to evaluate health level of a country. However Perinatal Mortality Rate (PMR) as part of infant mortality rate did not show any decline in the last ten period. The National Household Survey 1995 reported that PMR was within 48 per 1000 life births. Mother and Child Health program had promoted intensive antenatal health care to cover all pregnancies. The purpose of this program is to improve early detection of high risk pregnancies as well as to increase coverage of postnatal care of new borns. Perinatal mortality is influenced by several maternal health service, (antenatal care and delivery assistance), maternal health status, social-economic and environmental background, and traditional behavior. The objective of this analysis is to find the relation between maternal health practice during pregnancy and perinatal mortality in city of Bekasi 2001. Mother's age at delivery, educational level, parity, birth interval, smoking habit, pregnancy complication, and sex of the new born were calculated as covariates. Using case-control method, cases are mothers with perinatal deaths, and control are mothers with 7 days surviving new borns (83 case and 83 control). Based on a statistical analysis with logistic regression test the maternal health practice during pregnancy showed no significant relationship with perinatal mortality. Controlling birth interval, pregnancy complications and mother's ageat delivery, the odds ratio was OR = 2,3 (confidence interval 0,89 - 3,99) with p = 0,029 at 95% probability;, which is not significant. This result may be caused by small sample size or poor quality health service.

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Indonesian Journal of Health Ecology

Jurnal Ekologi Kesehatan (Indonesian Journal of Health Ecology) is a peer-reviewed academic journ... see more