Pelaksanaan Manajemen Berbasis Sekolah Dan Implikasinya Terhadap Mutu Output Pendidikan (Studi Pada Gugus IV Sekolah Dasar Di Kec. Langke Rembong)

Marselinus Robe • M. Pd Prof Dr I. Nyoman Natajaya • M. Pd Prof Dr I. Made Yudana
Journal article Jurnal Administrasi Pendidikan UNDIKSHA • 2015

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(Bahasa Indonesia, 12 pages)

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan mendeskripsikan: 1) pelaksanaan MBS pada gugus IV sekolah dasar di Kec. Langke Rembong; 2) kendala-kendala yang dihadapi pihak sekolah dalam pelaksanaan MBS dan alternatif pemecahan masalahnya; 3) implikasi pelaksanaan MBS terhadap mutu output pendidikan. Teknik pengumpulan data yang digunakan ialah observasi, wawancara, dan dokumen. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa, 1) secara umum pelaksanaan MBS berjalan cukup baik. Ini terlihat dari skor penilaian kualitas pelaksanaan MBS; 2) kendala yang dihadapi sekolah dalam pelaksanaan MBS adalah keterbatasan fasilitas terutama ruang kelas dan alat peraga pembelajaran, masalah SDM Pendidik yang belum semua profesional, komitmen pendidik terhadap mutu pendidikan tidak sama, minimnya kemauan belajar serta merosotnya perilaku peserta didik, minimnya daya dukung orang tua terutama berkaitan dengan bimbingan sikap dan pengetahuan peserta didik. Adapun alternatif pemecahan masalahnya al: secara teoretis, pendidik menggunakan media pembelajaran, perekrutan tenaga pendidik melalui tes, sekolah perlu mengevaluasi kinerja mereka, sekolah mengembangkan mutu tenaga pendidiknya secara kontinu hingga mereka menjadi profesional, sekolah merangsang tenaga pendidik melalui sistem bonus, kepala sekolah mengunjungi rumah tenaga pendidik serta mendengarkan keluhan mereka; penerimaan peserta didik melalui tes, pengembangan hard skill dan soft skill peserta didik secara seimbang, pembelajaran berpusat pada siswa, gunakan pendekatan school-based dan home-based untuk mengajak orang tua berpartisipasi aktif dalam pendidikan; 3) pelaksanaan MBS berimplikasi pada peningkatan mutu pendidikan. Dari segi akademik, prestasi yang menonjol hanya persentase UN seratus persen dan rata-rata nilai UN di atas standar kelulusan. Sementara, prestasi lomba bidang studi, kemampuan berpikir kritis, inovatif, dll kurang menonjol. Dari segi non akademik, prestasi yang menonjol hanya kejuaraan lomba di bidang non akademik seperti olah raga, pramuka, keseniaan, dll. Sementara, lulusan yang menunjukkan karakter jujur, disiplin, tanggung jawab, santun, dll kurang menonjol. .Kata Kunci : Manajemen Berbasis Sekolah, Mutu Output Pendidikan This study was aimed at describing: 1) the implementation of school-based management (SBM) in Cluster IV primary schools in Langke Rembong district,2) the constraints encountered by the schools in implementing SBM and their solution alternatives and 3) the implication toward output quality of education. The data collection techniques used were observation, interview, and use of documents. The results showed that 1) in general the implementation of SBM ran quite well. This was seen from the score of the evaluation of the quality of SBM implementation; 2) The constraints encountered by the schools in the implementation of SBM were limitation of facilities especially classrooms and teaching aids, not all of the teachers were professionals, the teachers had different levels of commitment toward the quality of education and the students had a minimum willingness to learn and the students' degrading behavior and minimal parental support at home, especially in relation to guidance in attitude and knowledge. The solution alternatives of the problems, among others, were theoretically, use of instructional media by the teachers, recruitment of educational personnel through testing, the need of the schools to evaluate their performances, the development of the quality of the personnel through reward system, visitation by the principals to their homes and listening to their complaints, admission of students through testing, proportional students' hard skill and soft skill development, student centered learning, use of school-based and home-based approach to invite the parents to participate actively in education; 3) The implementation of SBM has an implication toward improvement of educational quality. In terms of academic achievement, the outstanding achievement in this cluster was only in national examination (100% of the students who took it passed) and the average score was above the passing standard. The achievement in study areas, critical thinking ability and innovation were not outstanding. In terms of nonacademic achievement, they were good at nonacademic championships such as in sports, scouting, arts, etc. On the other hand, graduates who showed characters such as honesty, discipline, responsibility, curiosity , politeness in communication, etc were not outstanding.

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Jurnal Administrasi Pendidikan UNDIKSHA

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