Identifikasi Manifestasi Panas Bumi Dengan Memanfaatkan Kanal Thermal Pada Citra Landsat (Studi Kasus : Kawasan Dieng)

Bram Ferdinand Saragih • Yudo Prasetyo • Bandi Sasmito
Journal article Jurnal Geodesi Undip • 2015 Indonesia

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(Bahasa Indonesia, 9 pages)

Abstract

Indonesia is one country that still uses fossil energy sources as a primary energy source. However, the availability of fossil energy sources is surely will be depleted when used continuously.In addition to the abundant fossil energy sources, Indonesia is also gifted new and renewable energy sources. The energy sources such as water, geothermal, biomass, solar, wind, up to uranium. Geothermal energy in Indonesia is estimated to be the third largest in the world. It is closely related to the position of Indonesia in the tectonic framework of the world. Dieng Plateau is a complex of volcanoes, vast plains shaped with a length of approximately 14 km, 6 km wide and extends from the Southwestern - Southeast. The availability of geothermal energy is not separated by a manifestations exist on the surface. Surface geothermal manifestations such as solfatar, fumaroles, hot steamy soil, silica sinter and hydrothermal alteration. All the manifestations of the surface has a relatively higher temperature then the surrounding environment. Remote sensing method is very effective in finding geothermal manifestations considering the research area covering a large area. Landsat image processing result of thermal band will generate hot spots that indicates the exist of geothermal manifestations. But the hot spots that gained are not all as geothermal manifestations. Therefore it needs separation of the hot spots in the form of geothermal manifestations and not a manifestation of geothermal. Landsat image processing results in this research showed the lowest temperature is 11,180 0C on Landsat imagery in 2006 and the highest temperature is 39,671 0C on Landsat imagery in 2014. The temperature range of geothermal manifestation which is recorded in this research is at 25,271 0C up to 39,671 0C. According to the level of consistency hot sightings from geothermal manifestations in this research, the manifestations of which are constantly showing the heat production is Sileri Crater and Condrodimuko Crater. Size manifestation that was detected by Landsat imagery wider than 30 m x 30 m in accordance with a spatial resolution of thermal band Landsat image.

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Jurnal Geodesi Undip

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