Various factors may contribute to affect pregnancy, childbirth, and postpartum such as maternal health status, reproduction health, or access to health services. Maternal health encompasses all health improvement efforts which aimed not only to avoid deaths from pregnancy and childbirth, but also including improved quality of life during and after the period of reproduction. Therefore, it is essential to establish a maternal health index that consists of the utilization of prenatal care, birth attendance by health workers at health facilities, utilization of postpartum visits, complications of pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum, the adequacy of doctors, and midwives as well. The analysis shown a significant relationship between maternal health index and a live birth with a correlation rate of 0,73. The index model can explain approximately 52,9 percent. In these models, the greatest weight is the indicator of childbirth complications, followed by complications of postpartum, and utilization of prenatal care. Based on the calculation of the index by district/city, the widest gap seen in the province of Papua. This means that the eight indicators that are part of forming the index should be addressed. To overcome the maternal health problem is to bring adequate health care to the community, so a healthy mother may safely deliver a healthy baby.