Traditional gold mining activities can increase the concentration of mineral contaminants enter into the environment and into the food chain. In artisanal gold mining Gunung Pongkor, Bogor Regency, arsenic has been detected in food samples from local production. Intake rate of arsenic into human body can cause effects that are non-carcinogenic and carcinogenic. The aim of this study is to assess the risk estimates due to arsenic exposure in food samples, the health effect, and also to formulate risk management. This study was using data from Riset Khusus Pencemaran Lingkungan 2012 organized by National Institute of Health Research and Development, Ministry of Health. The results showed that non-carcinogen risk level (RQ) are 28,55 and lifetime excess cancer risk (ECR) are 5,49 x10-3. This levels are unacceptable (RQ>1 and ECR>10-4). Highly consumption of rice everyday and also high level arsenic contaminant in rice are the major of relative contributor sources. Potential health effects, especially skin lesions (keratosis and hyperpigmentation,) has occurred. Risk management options need to be done were decreasing exposure level and reducing consumption of local food products.