Perilaku Berisiko Kesehatan Dan Faktor Yang Mempengaruhinya Pada Remaja Sekolah Menengah Pertama Di Jawa Dan Sumatra

Rachmalina Soerachman • Nunik Kusumawardani
Journal article Indonesian Journal of Health Ecology • December 2013

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Abstract

Several behaviour health risks such as lack of physical activity, smoking and violence have contributed tothe health status among adolescents. Those behaviour health risks can be associated with familyrelationship, school environment and other related social cultural and economy determinants.Consequently, those behaviour risk factors may lead to certain non-communicable disease. To describe thebehaviour risk factors among adolescents and their determinant factors. This study employed a two-stagecluster sample design to produce a representative sample of students in 7th-9th grade, aged 13 — 15 years.In this study 3,116 questionnaires were completed in 49 schools in Java and Sumatra islands. Data wasanalyzed descriptively to provide proportion of certain behavior risk factors. Data analysis was done usingEpi-info. Study showed 10.9%-21.6% of boys students in Java and Sumatra smoked a day or over in theperiod of one month. Among the smoking students about 71.1% of adolescents started smoking at aged 13years or younger. Approximately 37%- 41% adolescents experienced having physical fighting at least onceor more during the last one year. The prevalence of physical fighting was higher among boys than girls.The behavior health risks are alarming and need further specific intervention based on issues priority toimprove the health behavior among adolescents in order to prevent certain non-communicable disease inthe older age.

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Journal

Indonesian Journal of Health Ecology

Jurnal Ekologi Kesehatan (Indonesian Journal of Health Ecology) is a peer-reviewed academic journ... see more