Model Peningkatan Hygiene Sanitasi Pondok Pesantren Di Kabltpaten Tangerang

Bambang Sukana • Dede Anwar Musadad
Journal article Indonesian Journal of Health Ecology • March 2010 Indonesia

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(Bahasa Indonesia, 7 pages)


Pondok pesantren is one of the educational institutions in Indonesia which all students live together in boarding. Almost 80% of 40.000pondok pesantren in Indonesia are still vulnerable in terms ofproviding the hygienic water and the soundsanitaties. In the research done 2004, the number of casesamong other things were:Tb. Paru Klinis (1,3%),ISPA (44,1%),Diare (10,5%), Scabies (12,3%),Tinea versicolor (4,0%),Tlnea Cruris (16,0%), other Dermatitis (18,5%),Morbus Hansen (0,6%). It is alsoshowed that the respondent knowledge about the communicable disease in terms of its symptoms, its spreading pattern and preventionmeasweswere stillumproper, besides their bad individual hygieneattitude. The observation result showed that the environment condition was not sound. The hygienesanitation development ofPondok Pesantren in Kabupaten Tangerang is the effort to develop the healthiness' level ofsantri, it was done through giving the guidance book to establishPos Pesantren HealthForce Institution of Pondok Pesantren (UKP).This research was done in 6 pondok pesantren over thePuskesmas Jayanti area,Kabupaten Tangerang which divided into 3 groups of treatment with differentstages of UKP establishment. The full stage includes i.e. (1) Across segment's meeting in kecamatan, (2)Internal Meeting inPondok Pesantren, (3) Training forSantri Husada's Cadre, (4) Arranging the planning of activities, (5) Activities' execution, (6) Evaluation. The first treatment was dont 6 stages, the secondtreatment 5 stages (without across segment's meeting inkecamatan), the third treatment 4 stages (without across segment's meeting inkecamatan and Internal Meeting inPondok Pesantren). The result showedacross segment's meeting inKecamatan agree to support the establishment ofUKP Institution as a coordination support sinceCamat is not the regional head any more. KantorUrusan Agama (KUA) supportthese activities as well but cannot interfere directly topondok pesantren's compulsary. Internal meeting in 4 pondok pesantren showed that the support from themanagement/teacher/Kiai of Pondok pesantren isabsolutely needed. Full stage model is needed in allkecamatan. The second model (with 5 stages) shouldbe done in everypondok pesantren. The activities ofSantri Husada's cadre need sustainable guidance fromthe health official inKabupaten Tangerang.




Indonesian Journal of Health Ecology

Jurnal Ekologi Kesehatan (Indonesian Journal of Health Ecology) is a peer-reviewed academic journ... see more