.Analysis of gap between need and demand for dental treatment was conducted using indicatorsof Research Basic Health(RBH) 2007 e.g. need for dental treatment, perceived dental illness prevalence, utilization of dental professional services, and the ability to access dental treatment. The result of theanalysis shows that only 9% of Indonesian population who have dental problems seek for dental profesional services. This gap occurs in all age groups. Although the demand appears to increase on the higher age groups, the demand was still low (less than 13.8%). ComparingDMF-T index from NationalHousehold Health Survey(NHHS) 1995 toNHHS 2001, the promotion program showspossitive effect.However, comparingNHHS 2001 toRBH 2007 the effect is not shown. The trend ofDMF-T index on ageof 12, 15, and 18, fromNHHS 1995,NHHS 2001, andRBH 2007 showed no significant different, no difference on intercept incidence. This means that there were no protective effect.RBH 2007 showed thatthe motivation of population to restore their dental caries is very low, only 1.5 percent. A total of 75 percent of population suffers late treatment to the professional dental services so that the teeth must beextracted. NHHS 1995, NHHS 2001 and RBH 2007 showed the effects on non-functioning of earlydetection and promt treatment (Performance Treatment Index), small treatment (Required Treatment Index)and high late treatment (Missing Index).