There are manythings that have to be understood in swimming learning for children ofelementary school dealing with fulfiling the children needs and also parents thatexpect the children becomingwell swimmed. Therefore, it needs appropriate attention how swimminglearning for children can be well conducted andthe expectation can be achieved, although there are complex barriers in the swimming learning process that is conductedin the water. Starting from students in elementary school that have special characteristics, learning to swimthat the activity is in the waterneeds an adaptation that has to be prepared thoroughly. Water itself has special features. Therefore, shildren need to be prepared physically or psychologically. Before the children learn how to swimin the real situation, they have to be introduced with the water, learn the basic technique of swinnning. This article will describe the important things that have to be paid attenttion in swimming learning for children in elementary school in orderto overcomethe barriers that will befaced in swimming learning so that the expectation from the learners can be achieved.