The purpose of this research is to explain the factors that affect Indonesia molasses export in 2012-2014 which include domestic production and exchange rates both togethereously and partially. The type of this research is explanatory research with quantitative approach. Data analysis method is multiple linear regression statistic supported by SPSS 23. The results of F-test indicate that sugarcane domestic production and exchange rates significantly affect Indonesia molasses export in 2012-2014. Partially, this research indicates that the sugarcane domestic production has positive effect but not significant to Indonesia molasses export, whereas exchange rates has significant positive effect on Indonesia molasses export in 2012-2014.