Clinical and Radiological Evaluation in Intra-Articular Distal Radial Fracture: Operative Treatment with Open Reduction Internal Fixation Using K-Wire and Bone Graft Compared with Non-operative Treatment Using Casting in Women Above 50 Years Old in Soehar

Rosa Omi Swastiastuti • Tangkas Sibarani
Journal article Indonesian Journal of Orthopaedics • August 2012

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Abstract

Introduction.The incidence of distal radius fractures is increasing together with the average age of population. Intra-articular incongruity is the most probable cause of unsatisfactory outcome of distal radius fractures. There is much debate regarding the optimal treatment of displaced, unstable distal radius fractures in the elderly. The purpose of this retrospective study was to compare outcome for elderly patients with intra-articular distal radial fracture who were treated with or without surgical intervention. Materials and methods. This cross sectional study examined patients over the age of fifty years old who were treated with or without surgery for intra-articular distal radial fracture. Patients who underwent non-operative treatment were treated with closed reduction and below elbow cast for six weeks. Patients who underwent surgery were treated with criss-cross K-wire and bone graft. Baseline radiographs with Scheck's score and functional scores with Mayo wrist score were obtained prior to treatment. Outcomes at fixed time points were compared between groups with standard statistical methods.Results.There are 27 patients intra-articular distal radial fracture between January to July 2011. 17 patients were treated conservatively with closed reduction and below elbow cast and 10 patients were treated operatively with criss-cross k-wire and bone graft. There is no significance differences between two groups in term of Scheck's score and Mayo wrist score.Conclusions.Both non-operative treatment with closed reduction and below elbow cast and operative treatment using criss-cross K-wire and bone graft provides good results in terms of radiological dan functional outcome in women patients older than 50 years old with intra-articular distal radius fracture.

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Indonesian Journal of Orthopaedics

The Indonesian Journal of Orthopaedics is published quarterly by the Indonesian Orthopaedic Assoc... see more