Fatwa dalam Keuangan Syariah: Kekuatan Mengikat dan Kemungkinannya untuk Digugat melalui Judicial Review

Agus Triyanta
Journal article Ius Quia Iustum Law Journal • January 2014 Indonesia

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(Bahasa Indonesia, 23 pages)


The main problems of this research are: first, the conceptual definition of fatwa in Islamic law in general and sharia financial law specifically; second, the legality or binding force of fatwa in sharia economic law; and third, the possibility of judicial review for fatwa issued by National Sharia Board (DSN). This research is a normative juridical study based on the primary, secondary, and tertiary legal sources. The conclusion drawn in this research is: first, fatwa is a legal opinion issued by an individual or a particular institution which has purpose or function to present any opinions regarding the matters related to life aspectsby considering the sharia principles or Islamic doctrines; second, the legality of fatwa appears due to the statement of the existing regulation stating that only fatwa issued by DSN which becomes the reference of sharia banking businesses. Even if DSN is considered as a non-government institution due to which its regulatory products do not have binding force unlike the regulations issued by the governmental institutions in general, fatwa still has its own binding nature, though substantively it is due to the existence of the Regulation of Bank of Indonesia related to the sharia banking provisions since if there is anything regarding sharia matters, Bank of Indonesia shall adopt the DSN fatwa. Third, as the consequence of the binding force, in which the government regulation might be legally reviewed, fatwa is also possible to be an object of a request for judicial review.




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