In this we seek to address the resemblance between Islamic rules and Westernsystems in terms of the criminal protection of IPRs. The significance of tackling this issue at thisparticular time is that there have been increasing calls in Western societies for the implementation ofthe rules of Shareâ€™a in their own Western territories. This article aims to situate this argument withinthe course of the criminal protection of IPRs, so as to prove that IPRs are one aspect of Shareâ€™awhich does not conflict with the Western principles of protection. The main theme in this article isto establish that criminal protection of IPRs shall not result in severe physical punishments, butrather, would generate adequate protection to owners of intellectual creations. It shall be argued thatintellectual theft could not be considered as a conventional theft which could result in theamputation of hand. Therefore, criminal protection in Islam could be accommodated with protectionin Western societies, and shall not amount to what may be considered â€“from a Western point ofviewâ€“ to be severe physical punishment.