Migration (resettlement) of the population in Azerbaijan began as early as the 19th century as a result of the occupation of national lands. The aggressive policy pursued by tsarist Russia towards Azerbaijan, and as a result of the ongoing wars, which ultimately ended with the conclusion of the Gulustan (1813) and Turkmenchay (1828) treaties, led to the fact that the Azerbaijan nation, together with its lands, was divided into two parts. The forced mass migration of Azerbaijanis over the past century has occurred several times. It dates from 1905-1906, 1918 - 1920, 1948-1953 and 1987-1989. Mass migration of the population took place not only in the Nagorno-Karabakh of Azerbaijan, but also in all its original lands. It is well known from the historical past that Azerbaijani Turks settled and lived in the ancient territories of Iravan, Zangezur, Geychi and other places (the territory now called Armenia).Starting from the 80s of the XX century, Turkic ethnic groups, along with Akhaltsikhe Turks Azerbaijanis living in world geography, underwent mass migration. In 1989, 100,000 living in Central Asia became internally displaced persons. Most of the migrants from Central Asia settled in Azerbaijan.
By 1990, there were about one million refugees and internally displaced persons in Azerbaijan. As a result of the occupation of the national lands of Azerbaijan by the Armenians of Nagorno-Karabakh and its surrounding areas, our republic lost 20% of its lands. This aggressive policy of Armenia negatively affected the economic development of Azerbaijan and its foreign economic relations as a whole. The richness of the natural geographical conditions of the occupied lands was widely known to the world community. However, despite the difficulties experienced at that time, Azerbaijan, since 1993, has become a member of many world organizations and associations. He tried to expand International cooperation with developed world states. At the present stage, the Republic of Azerbaijan is making every effort to resolve the issue of the territorial integrity of our state, the liberation of 20% of the occupied territories, as well as the return of refugees and internally displaced persons to their former lands.