Translation plays an important role in the transfer of knowledge between cultures, languages and nations different. As an activity to transfer the message or purpose contained in one language into another language appropriately and naturally, translation work becomes complex. Therefore various approaches were initiated to understand the process translation, including the theory of translation ideology. The terms domestication and foreignization in translation are two terms put forward is often referred to as an ideology or translation strategy. Domestication is a strategy which is used to reduce the "alienation" of the term from the source language, thus the reader feel like a translation is not a translation product. While foreignization is on the contrary, this strategy is more towards the source language to introduce the term or foreign culture to the target audience. In practice, translators cannot be separated from both, but different biases are often based on the purpose of translation and who is the user of the translation. This article provides a brief overview of the ideology of translation and how important this theory is to raise awareness translation about the impact of their choice on the translation result.