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description Journal article public Rekayasa Hijau

Keragaan Usaha dan Nilai Tambah pada Agroindustri Keripik Tike (Studi Kasus di Desa Jumbleng Kecamatan Losarang Indramayu)

Endah Djuwendah
Published 2018

Abstract

Tike Chips is a traditional local food from Indramayu Regency derived from tuber Tike (Eleocharis dulcis Brumn f). Tike is a sulphurous acid wet tidal swamp. This plant has health benefits because it contains Puchiin antibiotic and vitamin C. Tike chips processing business has an important role and potential to be developed because it can provide added value from tike bulb to be a specific local food commodity, has good taste, beneficial for health, creating employment opportunities and providing income for the community. It is therefore quite potential to develop. However, until now the business of tike chips has not developed widely due to constrained by various factors such as limited raw materials, capital and marketing area. The purpose of this research is to analyze business performance and value added agroindustry tike chips that located in Jumbleng Village, Subdistrict of Losasang of Indramayu Regency. The research method used is descriptive qualitative with technical research in the form of case study. The results of research shows that the procurement of tike tuber raw material is obtained from Bekasi and Cilacap regencies with prices ranging from Rp 16.000 s, d 18,000 per kg. There is a limitation of tike raw materials during the transition from dry season to rainy season. Working tillers are from local villages and numbered of 2-6 people per business unit with daily wage system. Capital providers of raw materials consist of personal capital and loan capital. Processing of tike chips through washing process, immersion, roasted, collision, drying, frying and packaging. Marketing Chips tike is done by intermediary traders ie dealers and retailers with selling prices ranging from Rp 2000 - 10,000 for direct marketing of small packaging and Rp 80.000 s.d 90.000 / kg for indirect marketing through distributors. Tike chips offer areas generally in the districts of Indramayu and Cirebon. The production capacity of tike chips averages 50 kg of tike bulbs per production process with a final product conversion rate of 0.96. The added value per kilogram of raw materials is Rp 35,320, the value added ratio is 45.99% and the profit per added value is 30.36%. The greatest profit margin for the factor of production is owned by the craftsman's profit of 57.16%, the employment income of 29.41% and the remaining 13.43% representing the remuneration to other input contributions.

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