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description Journal article public Jurnal Dinamika Pemerintahan

Operasi Kontra Teror Koalisi Global dalam Menghadapi Pergerakan Islamic States Of Iraq And Syiria (Isis)

Azhari Setiawan, Alfajri Alfajri
Published Ağustos 2018

Abstract

This study reveals the movement of the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) from two perspectives that are essentially contradictory. These two points of view are related to the relationship between the distribution of capabilities between actors in the Middle East and ISIS movements. The first point of view sees that ISIS is a consequence of the distribution of capability of actors in the Middle East, while the second point of view sees that ISIS is a determinant of the distribution of capabilities in the Middle East. There are two main arguments to see the relationship between the distribution of actor capabilities in the current International system and the emergence and development of ISIS. First, the distribution of capability of actors in the International system (Middle East) caused ISIS to be borned and developed. Second, on the contrary, the movement and development of ISIS in the Middle East influenced the distribution of capability of related actors in the International system (Middle East and surrounding areas). The first thesis emphasizes that the distribution of capabilities and conditions of the International system in the Middle East triggered/motivated the birth of ISIS. In this case ISIS becomes dependent variable. Then, the second thesis emphasizes the influence of ISIS on the conditions of the International system. It means that, it is ISIS movement that influenced the distribution of capabilities among actors in the International system. The distribution of US power that decided to enter the Middle East [starting from the participation of the United States in the Gulf War, the invasion of Iraq, the Arab Spring, etc.] triggered the birth of protest movements which led to the Asymmetric War against terrorism. The participation of other major countries in the Middle East conflict contributed to the situation in the Middle East. The distribution of power in Iraq and Syria greatly affected the birth of ISIS. Keywords:  ISIS, Arab Spring, United States of America, Power Distribution  

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