Patient Characteristics and Performance of the TCM Unit of ‘Harapan Bunda' Hospital in Jakarta, Indonesia

Willie Japaries • Wu Zhesheng
Journal article Makara Journal of Health Research • Грудень 2005 Китай • Індонезія

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(Bahasa Indonesia, 7 pages)


A TCM unit has been established and operating in Harapan Bunda hospital in Jakarta since December 2004. The Unit is practicing combined western and Chinese medicine in treating cancer patients, following the model practiced in oncology departments in China. It is established through a cooperation between Harapan Bunda hospital and Yusheng hospital from Guangzhou, China. This report compiles the performance of the Unit until July 2005; it is a descriptive study based on the medical records of all patients visiting the TCM Unit of Harapan Bunda hospital during the period of December 2004 to July 2005. The characteristics of patients and response to treatment are presented in text and tables. One typical case is also presented as an illustration of the combination practice. There were 383 patients visiting the TCM Unit during the periode of December 2004 to July 2005. Most of them (68,41%) were females. The female to male ratio was 2,16. The largest age group was between 41-50 years, ie. 28,72%, followed by age group 51-60 years (23,23%), 61-70 years and 31-40 years (13,57%) respectively. Then the age group 71-80 years and 21-30 years each occupying 8,09%. Of the 383 patients, 338 patients (88,25%) were with tumors (benign and Malignant), the rest were with no tumors (suffering of rheumatism, diabetes, stroke, etc.). Of the 338 patients with tumors, 92 (27,21%) were with benign tumors (fibroadenoma, ganglion, lipoma, struma, myoma, etc.). The other 246 (162 females and 84 males) were with tumors that were either clinically or pathologically assessed as Malignant. The females to males ratio of patients with Malignant tumors was 1,93. The most prevalent tumors were mammary carcinoma ie. 31,70%, followed by pulmonary carcinoma, hepatoma, ovarian carcinoma, NPC, colonic carcinoma, uterine cervical carcinoma, brain cancers, pancreatic carcinoma, lymphoma, occupying respectively 8,59%, 8,13%, 8,13%, 7,72%, 7,32%, 3,25%, 3,25%, 2,84%, and 2,84%. Most patients were either in stadium III or IV, occupying 24,80% (61 of 246 patients) and 37,80% (93 of 246 patients), respectively. Of 81 patients (52 females and 14 males) or 32,93% there were no available data to assess their exact stadia. The therapeutic response was mostly evaluated on clinical grounds (anamnesis and physical examination). Of 70 patients (26 males and 44 females) receving treatment for more than 1 month at the TCM Unit, 11,42% had prominent improvement, 40% moderate improvement, 41,4% more or less stabilized condition, and 7,14% deteriorating condition. The TCM Unit of Harapan Bunda hospital had received quite a good attention from the public. The female visitors were nearly twice the male. The most prevalent age group was 41-50 years ie. 28,72%, followed by 51-60 years ie. 23,23%. The most prevalent cancer were mammary carcinoma (31,70%), followed by pulmonary, liver, ovary, nasopharyngeal, colonic, uterine cervical carcinomas. The therapeutic response was as follows, 51,43% patients either improving prominently or moderately, 41,43% with more or less stable condition; while only 7,14% deterioting during treatment. With the entry to TCM Unit, patients formerly rejecting western medical treatments became receptive to the combination of western and Chinese medical treatments.