Abundant rice productivity as a result of the success of the modernization of the system, pattern of production and use of seeds are carried by the Indonesian government in agriculture was not automatically change the level of farmers welfare. Based on studies in meunasah Pinto North Aceh District, this article is going to show that the issue of farmers' welfare is a complex issue strands. At the empirical level narrow land ownership, capital dependence on the elite village economy, changes in the production system of reciprocity into a wage complex obstacles to change farmers' welfare.In fact, this modernization not only exposes farmers to the issue of involution wellbeing but also directly contribute to the flourishing of social segregation in society as in Meunasah Pinto, North Aceh. As a result, the social insurance obtained by citizens when agricultural production systems is reciprocity now after changing the wage system of social insurance is gone. The high individuality as a new mode of social life also requires farmers to adapt to the problems of their lives increasingly problematic in the midst of well-being that low.