Terrorism is an extraordinary crime that requires handling in extraordinary measures. Terrorism has become a global phenomenon that has penetrated almost all countries in the world including Indonesia. As in other regions, terrorism in Indonesia also has a theological and ideological basis and networks so that it has a strong endurance. Until now, criminal acts of terrorism have become a serious threat to national security. Terrorism is a theme which drew the attention of the many people especially academics to make a review on various aspects. This study examines the development of terrorism in Indonesia by focusing on aspects of theology, ideology and movement.