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description Journal article public Cendekia

Sunat Perempuan dalam Perspektif Sejarah, Medis dan Hukum Islam (Respon terhadap Pencabutan Aturan Larangan Sunat Perempuan di Indonesia)

Ratna Suraiya
Published 6 Червень 2019

Abstract

Female circumcision is a practice based on tradition carried out by most people in Indonesia. Historically, female circumcision existed long before the presence of Islam since the days of ancient Egypt which inherited the traditions of the wives of the Prophet Ibrahim> hi> m As., They believed it to be part of the ritual of purification of the soul. This tradition then spread to various regions in Africa, the Middle East, Latin America and Asia such as India, Malaysia and Indonesia. Medical science observes that female circumcision does not provide benefits to women, but instead causes damage to the tissues of female organs which threatens reproductive fertility and decreases the level of aggression of women. On that basis, the Minister of Health of the Republic of Indonesia has issued a regulation prohibiting female circumcision and is only allowed to do so symbolically. The rule was later revoked because of reaping protests from elements of the muslin community who considered it a command of the Shari'a. This paper analyzes female circumcision in the perspective of history, medical and Islamic law in order to find the truth on the assumption that female circumcision is part of the command of Shari'a. The results of this study state that female circumcision is not at all included in the commandments of the Shari'a, but as a tradition passed down through the lives of Muslim communities.

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